Dating tyre shekel
Though separated by more than one hundred and seventy years, they are instantly recognizable as being of the same series of coinage.Shekels of Tyre are among the most frequent submissions to NGC Ancients.The Tyrian shekels held a prominant position among the best known coins of the ancient world. The weights of the autonomous coinage did not change from that of the preceeding Seleucid coinage; even its design did not differ much. One may conclude from various historical sources [Pliny, HN 5.17.76. The KP Monogram The two Greek letters KP which appear on both series have never been explained before. Both because of the decline of the Seleucid Empire and the rise of Tyrian economic and commercial power, the mint of Tyre stoppped striking Seleucid coins (the latest being issues of Demetrius II)[BMCSeleucids Kings 76.], and began to strike autonomous silver shekels as a continuation of the Seleucid tetradrachms. 269], although judging from the few known examples, Tyre's production of bronze coins during the same period was very low. The point is fundamental to the question of the attribution of the second group.This rare date, an example of which is shown here, commands a premium over any common date shekel of Tyre.The most popular date in the series, however, is the issue of civic year 159, or AD 33/4.The weight remained constant throughout the long period of production of these shekels, despite the various monetary changes which occured in other currencies, and the introduction of debased coins from other mints into the market. Aradus, whose impressive output of silver tetradrachms began in 137/6 B. Caesarea in Cappadocia started striking Roman Imperial silver coins under Tiberius. The money was collected to cover the expenses of Temple rituals and maintenance. XVII.318-320) gives details of the income of his three sons, who together collected 900 talents, and since Herod had many more territories, he must have had a yearly income of 1000-1200 talents, making a total of 1,500,000 to 1,800,000 shekels from taxation alone. The Mishna's demand for Tyrian shekels made all other currencies unacceptable. It is Jerusalemite." The testimony is clear that Tyrian shekels were struck in Jerusalem.Contemporaneous Silver Coins Other silver currencies circulated in the same time that the Tyrian shekels were being used, but never in substantial quantity. C., continued to strike autonomous issues consistently until 46/5 B. As a result of this law, which applied to one-third of the entire Jewish population of the ancient world, Temple income was enormous, amounting to a constant income of perhaps half a million shekels annually. Broshi, "The Principal Resources of Herod's Economy and the Economic Role of the Temple," forthcoming]. This estimate is a modest one as we have Josephus' account of the income of his grandson Agrippa I, which reached 3,000,000 shekels (Ant. The law remained in effect until the destruction of the Temple by Titus in A. The expression "coined silver," found in the literary sources, [Josephus, Ant.
While half the size of the shekel, this coin retains the same design elements and dating system as its larger counterpart. 70 they circulated extensively in the Middle East, mainly in the regions of Phoenicia, Galilee, Judea, Syria and Transjordan. Jones, The Cities of the Eastern Roman Provinces (Oxford 1971) 237-239; 249-250; 253; 259; 270; and 287.] that Tyre entered a period of political decline towards the end of the first century B. The earlier shekels are concave; the later ones are not.The obverse of the new issue depicts the head of Heracles-Melkart instead of the Seleucid king, and the reverse shows an eagle standing on the prow of a ship with a palm branch over its shoulder, similar to that which appeared on the earlier Seleucid issues. 6, 65, 85-86, 94-96, 98-111), and Malichus II (nos. They remain enigmatic, but some ideas about their meaning may now be proposed, particularly as they appear on the first issues (struck in 18 B.Its reverse shows an eagle with a palm branch over its shoulder, standing on the prow of a ship.Additionally, in the reverse field there are various control symbols and a date represented by one or more Greek letters.
Following traditional chronologies, this is the year in which Jesus was crucified by the Procurator Pontius Pilate. Like the millennium shekel, this piece commands a substantial premium.